Immigrants are people who come from other countries to reside in the Netherlands for employment, family reunification or other purposes. Not all foreign nationals are automatically allowed to settle in the Netherlands. To settle here, you may require a residence permit, which you can obtain under certain conditions. The Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND) assesses applications for residence permits.
Foreigners come to the Netherlands with a specific purpose. They wish to live with their family, or for example come here to work or study. The reason of their stay is called the purpose of stay. A residence permit can be granted by the Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND) for either a temporary or non-temporary purpose of stay.
After 5 years of uninterrupted residence in the Netherlands, it is possible to request a residence permit for an indefinite period of time. Through naturalisation a foreigner can become a Dutch citizen. In order to be able to apply for a residence permit or naturalisation several different conditions must be met by the foreigner.
This webpage will provide you with basic information about the different types of residence permits, the conditions that must be met in order to be able to obtain a residence permit and the conditions that must be met in order to become a Dutch citizen through naturalisation.
Residence permit for a temporary purpose
With a residence permit for a temporary purpose you may live in the Netherlands for a limited period. Some residence permits for a temporary purpose cannot be extended. In that case you cannot apply for a permanent residence permit.
The following purposes of stay are temporary:
- Au pair
- Cross border service provider
- Intra Corporate Transferees (Directive 2014/66/EC)
- Medical treatment
- Orientation year for highly educated persons
- Seasonal work
- Stay with a family member, if the family member you are staying with is here for a temporary purpose of stay or the family member has a temporary asylum residence permit
- Temporary asylum residence permit
- Temporary humanitarian purposes
- Trainee for study or employment purposes
Residence permit for a non-temporary purpose
With a residence permit for a non-temporary purpose you can live in the Netherlands for an unlimited period. However, you have to meet the conditions for your residence permit at all times.
The following purposes of stay are non-temporary:
- Adopted child, if the family member you are staying with is a Dutch, EU/EEA or Swiss citizen. Or, if this family member has a residence permit for a non-temporary purpose of stay
- EC long-term resident
- Foreign investor (wealthy foreign national)
- Highly skilled migrant
- Holder of a European Blue Card
- Non-temporary humanitarian purposes
- Paid employment as non-privileged military personnel or non-privileged civilian personnel
- Paid employment
- Permanent stay
- Scientific research based on Directive 2005/71/EG
- Stay with a family member, if the family member you are staying with is a Dutch, EU/EEA or Swiss citizen. Or, if this family member has a residence permit for a non-temporary purpose of stay
- Work on a self-employed basis
Residence permit for an indefinite period (permanent)
After 5 years of uninterrupted residence in the Netherlands, it is possible to request a residence permit for an indefinite period (permanent). If an applicant complies with all EU requirements, then an inscription “EG long term resident” will be put on his or her residence permit. In case of incompliance with the EU requirements, an applicant will be tested on conformity with the national grounds for application for an indefinite period residence permit. If the applicant is still not eligible under the national requirements, it will be assessed whether a present Dutch work permit can be extended.
Depending on the situation there are certain special conditions, which may differ from general conditions. Such situations include:
- family re-unification
- family formation
- medical treatment
The permanent residence permit is granted for 5 years. After 5 years, it can be renewed automatically by the IND with the request of the applicant. Cases of cancelation of the indefinite time residence permit include fraud, infringement of national order or threat for national safety.
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